In Public vs. in Private

Shaikh Rabīʿ ibn Hādī Al-Madkhalī, may Allāh protect him, said:

A true believing slave, when he’s alone, displays of his īmān,[1] his khushūʿ,[2] and his weeping out of fear and great reverence for Allāh that which he does not show in front of people; this is one who will be included among the seven for whom Allāh will provide shade [on the Day of Resurrection] under His shade : “and a man who remembers Allāh when he is alone, upon which his eyes overflow [with tears].”[3]

A hypocrite or criminal sinner, when he’s alone, causes corruption, wrongs [others], engages in sins, and violates the things Allāh has made sacred and inviolable. [In contrast], a true believer, when he’s alone, is better than when he’s mixing with people.

So be that way, O brothers. May Allāh make us and you successful [in achieving His pleasure] and keep us safe from hypocrisy—and refuge is sought with Allāh [from that]—and from making a pretence of good while hiding evils. So we ask to be kept safe and free of [such] harms.


Source: Al-Dharīʿah, vol. 2, pp. 570-71.


[1]: Īmān is speech, action, and belief; it increases with acts of obedience to Allāh and decreases with acts of disobedience to Him (tr.).

[2]: subduing oneself to the commands of Allāh and humbling oneself to Him (tr.)

[3]: Al-Bukhārī relayed it in Al-Adhān, ḥadīth 660, and in Al-Riqāq, ḥadīth 6479; Muslim, in Al-Zakāh, ḥadīth 1031, from the narration of Abū Hurairah, may Allāh be pleased with him.