بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
لَا أُقْسِمُ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ
Allah swore by this sacred land, Makkah.
وَأَنتَ حِلٌّ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ
And you, O Prophet, are permitted on this sacred land to do on it as you will. [This] was not made permissible for him except for one hour of a [particular] day; the verse contains glad tidings to the Prophet ﷺ of the Conquest of Makkah at his hands and its being made permissible for him to fight [there].
وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ
And Allāh swore by the father of Mankind, Ādam, may Allāh protect him further from every kind of fault or harm, and [He swore by] that which issued from him of offspring.
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ
We have indeed created Mankind [to] undergo hardship and difficulty, bearing the troubles of the present life of this world.
أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّن يَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ
Does he think, due to what he has gathered of wealth, that Allāh will have no power over him?
يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالًا لُّبَدًا
He says, boasting over others: I have spent a great deal of wealth.
أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ
Does he think, in his doing this, that Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, does not see him or hold him to account for [all things] small and large?
أَلَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ عَيْنَيْنِ
Have We not made two eyes for him to see with?
And a tongue and two lips to speak with?
And made clear to him the two paths to good and evil?
فَلَا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ
Then why would he not cross over the difficulties of the Hereafter by spending his wealth, assuring his safety thereby?
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ
And what will get you to know what the difficulties of the Hereafter are and what helps in crossing over them?
Certainly, it is a believing slave’s becoming free of the bonds of slavery;
أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ
or providing food, on a day of severe hunger…
يَتِيمًا ذَا مَقْرَبَةٍ
…to an orphan–one whose father died while he was young–from [one’s] close relatives, in which the virtue of giving charity comes together with [that of] keeping ties with one’s blood relatives;
أَوْ مِسْكِينًا ذَا مَتْرَبَةٍ
or to one stricken by poverty, destitute, possessing nothing.
ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ
After that, he would be–having done that which has been mentioned of good deeds–of those who have made their faith solely for Allāh [with their beliefs, actions, and speech]; directed one another to perseverance in obeying Allāh and [keeping away] from acts of disobedience to Him; and directed one another to be compassionate and good to creation.
أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ
Those who do these deeds are the People on the Right, those who will be taken on the Day of Resurrection to the right towards Paradise.
وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا هُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ
And those who disbelieve in the Qurʾān are the ones who will be taken on the Day of Resurrection to the left towards the Fire.
عَلَيْهِمْ نَارٌ مُّؤْصَدَةٌ
Their requital is [the blazing fire of] Jahannam, covering them, shutting them in.
Al-Tafsīr Al-Muyassar. King Fahd Qurʾān Printing Complex. Madīnah: 1434 H.