A Simplified Explanation of Sūrah Al-Ṭāriq from Al-Tafsīr Al-Muyassar


Verse 1

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

Allāh, All-Perfect is He, swore by the sky and the star that comes at night.

Verse 2

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

And what will make you realize how tremendous this star is?

Verse 3

النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

It is the luminous star that shines brightly.

Verse 4

إِن كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

There is not a single soul except that an angel has been assigned to it to watch over it, preserving its [record of] deeds for it—for it to be held to account for them on the Day of Resurrection.

Verse 5

فَلْيَنظُرِ الْإِنسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

Then let every person who denies Resurrection consider what he was created from. Let him know that recreating Man is not harder than creating him the first time.

Verse 6

   خُلِقَ مِن مَّاءٍ دَافِقٍ

He was created from seminal fluid poured out rapidly into a womb…

Verse 7

يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

…[the fluid] coming out between a man’s backbone and a woman’s chest.

Verse 8

إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

Indeed, the One who created Mankind from this fluid is certainly able to bring him back to life after death.

Verse 9

   يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

On the Day the reality of all things that had been hidden [from others] will become known with regard to what they had been hiding, and what was righteous from [that] will become clear and distinct from what was corrupt.

Verse 10

فَمَا لَهُ مِن قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

Then Man will have no power to defend himself, and he will have no one to come to his aid to defend him against Allāh’s punishment.

Verse 11

وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

By the sky with its recurring rains;

Verse 12

وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

by the Earth with splits [on its surface] from plants breaking through—

Verse 13

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

indeed the Qurʾān is most certainly a decisive word [dividing] truth and falsehood…

Verse 14

وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

and it is not [something of] play, lacking substance.


It is not allowed for [any] created being to swear by other than Allāh; otherwise, he will have committed the [unforgivable sin of] shirk, [attributing or directing anything that is only for Allāh to other than Him].

Verse 15

إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

Indeed, those who have rejected the truth of the Messenger ﷺ and the Qurʾān are engaged in plotting and planning in order to drive away the truth with their plots and to support falsehood;

Verse 16

وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

and I am laying a plot for the truth to overcome and become manifest, despite the disbelievers hating [that].

Verse 17

فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

So do not be hasty against them, O Messenger, by asking for punishment to come down upon them; rather, give them time and leave them for later, and you will see what comes down upon them of torment, penalty, punishment, and ruin.


Al-Tafsīr Al-Muyassar. King Fahd Qurʾān Printing Complex. Madīnah: 1434 H.